The keys for approaching the model- Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe

Second assignment

Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe– memorial in Berlin, Germany, erected in memory of the Jewish victims of the Holocaust, designed by architect Peter Eisenman and engineer Buro Happold. Construction began on October 30, 2001 and the memorial was opened in 2005.


The main approach used in this object is Displacement. This approach is characterized by interaction and unity of form and function. It is this effect that we see in Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe. The architect achieves a special emotional effect through architectural techniques. Inside the monuments, a person feels lonely and uncomfortable, because of the narrow passages and the constantly fluctuating floor surface and the changing heights of the columns.


The plan of the monument is based on a geometric grid with identical distances of 3,33m by 1,90m. An undulating plane at ground level and the upper plane of the concrete pillars are superimposed on it. Planes obey certain mathematical algorithms, and the discrepancy between them conveys the difference in time, the place of loss and contemplation.


The monument consists of 2711 concrete columns or steles, each 95 centimeters wide and 2.375 meters long, with a height from zero to 4 meters. Each stele has its own dimensions and it can be considered as a separate element, but if we look at the entire monument from above, then a feeling of continuity and smoothness of the surface formed by the upper planes of the columns is created. Slippage occurs in the grid structure, and as a result, undefined spaces are created.

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